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Abstracts Vol. I No. 1/2011

 

Abstracts Vol. I No. 1/2011

 

 

Aspects historiques de l'anthroponymie roumaine

 

Domniţa TOMESCU

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, 39, Bvd. Bucureşti

E-mail: domnita_tomescu@yahoo.com

 

 

Résumé

 

L'article retrace l'évolution générale du système onomastique roumain à travers des siècles, enregistrant quelques particularités spécifiques de la dénomination, l'emploi des formes, la distribution des variantes, etc. On observe la correspondance entre l'évolution des noms propres et celle des éléments du vocabulaire général.

 

Mots-clé : onomastique, histoire, dénomination, individualisation, système

 

 

 

 

 

Romanian-Spanish Onomastics Interferences

 

Ioana JIEANU

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, 39, Bvd. Bucureşti

E-mail: ioanajieanu@hotmail.com

 

Abstract

 

The present paper establishes some interferences (at the level of people's names and company names) in the communication of Romanian people who live in Spain and who changed the idiom that they speak under the influence of Spanish, which is spoken most of the time. The article concentrates on the alteration which I coined as "Spanishalization" of the names borne by Romanian immigrants in Spain. The handiest explanation for this phenomenon may have be their desire to integrate or adapt names to the Spanish phonetic and morphological systems. The article distinguishes between two main tendencies for naming newborns: the usage of Romanian first names or Spanish ones and the usage of a Spanish name followed by another Spanish one, on the basis of the research of the Register of baptized children from the Saint Nicholas Parish in Castellón.

 

Keywords: interferences, onomastics, rumañol, immigrant

 

 

 

 

Proper Names in Romanian Fixed Expressions: Challenges in Translation

 

Adina NICOLAE

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, 39, Bvd. Bucureşti, Ploieşti

E-mail: adina.nicolae@romanianmetaphorresearch.org

 

Abstract

 

The article investigates several aspects of Romanian fixed expressions containing proper names in order to approach the thorny issue of their translation into English. After surveying some features of proper names and fixed expressions that may prove relevant in translation theory and practice, a corpus of Romanian samples is assembled and discussed. The purpose of the analysis is to underline the linguistic, functional and cultural dimensions of such expressions and to suggest possible translation strategies.

 

Keywords: culture-specificity, fixed expressions, proper names, translation strategies

 

 

 

 

Aspects of Anthroponomy in Romanian

Formulaic Expression

 

Gabriela DUDA*, Cristina GAFU**

 

* / ** Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti. Bd. Bucureşti 39, Ploieşti,

E-mails: * gduda29@gmail.com,

** cristina_gafu@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 

Romanian popular literature possesses a very rich stock of formulaic expressions (proverbs, sayings, proverbial expressions, precepts, teachings, verbal stereotypes). These expressions have multiple ways of valorising anthroponomy. The paper aims to examine historical anthroponyms which may be found in the formulaic expressions from a pluridisciplinary perspective: linguistic, cultural-historical, and a perspective that will focus on mentalities.

 

Keywords: popular literature, onomatology, historical anthroponym, paremiological expression

 

 

 

 

Meta Incognita: Naming as Renaming in the Early Modern Exploration of the New World*

 

Petruţa NĂIDUŢ

 

University of Bucharest, Pitar Mos 7-13, Bucharest

E-mail: petruta.oana.naidut@gmail.com

 

Abstract

 

The article sets off to explore the act of naming in the context of the early modern discovery, explorations and colonisation of the New World, analysing the cultural significance of place naming against the backdrop of the travel reports produced by Christopher Columbus, Thomas Harriot and Captain John Smith in the attempt to reveal the changes undergone by the ideology of toponymy. The discussion draws on the notions of cultural translation, mimesis, invisibility and the political unconscious as defined by cultural historians such as Peter Burke, John Brian Harley and new historicists such as Stephen Greenblatt.

 

Keywords: America, appropriation, cultural translation, epistemic assimilation, naming

 

* Research for this article has been partially supported by UEFISCSU grant no. 871/2009[code 1980] for a research project titled The Cultural Institution of Literature from Early to Late Modernity in British Culture.

 

 

 

 

Pas-de-noms/ Plus de noms. Derrida and Blanchot

 

Arleen IONESCU

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, Bd. Bucureşti 39, Ploieşti

E-mail: anionescu@upg-ploiesti.ro

 

Abstract

 

Recalling the homograph plus de as the minimal definition of deconstruction, the article examines the problematic of names in several Derridian contexts referring to the doubled, divided gift of names. It focuses more specifically on Derrida's essay "Pas", dealing with Blanchot's récit, in which Blanchot's pas au-delà (step/not beyond) is analysed in conjunction with the duality of an affirmative sans as well as sauf (both save and except for), already discussed in Sauf le Nom, in order to strategically reinscribe Blanchot's name in literature and philosophy. After a detour via the Blanchotian argument about literature as passion in Demeure, the article connects Blanchot's experience of literature and death as anonymous passivity (an experience which he called the Neutral) to the name without name, illustrating it in a few of his récits.

 

Keywords: Derrida, Blanchot, names, step, not beyond, literature, philosophy

 

 

 

 

 

In Search of "what's in a name":

The English Pessoa as Poet as SHAKESPEARE,

and the Case of SuperCamões*

 

Mihaela IRIMIA

 

University of Bucharest, Pitar Mos 7-13, Bucharest

E-mail: irimia.mihaela@clicknet.ro

 

Abstract

 

This paper deals with the question of naming and being against the background of the Western tradition (Plato's Cratylus being the point of reference). At the interface of English and Portuguese literature(s) / culture(s), it halts to consider the case of Fernando Pessoa, whose early work is written in English, only to bring up the issue of European identity. This is approached from the onomastic perspective, with Pessoa's heteronyms as obvious concepts and poetic material. The theoretician Pessoa is further analysed in parallel with T. S. Eliot and modernist poetry presented with its basic coordinates. For the English case, the debate gravitates round the canonical of canonicals – Shakespeare turned SHAKESPEARE, for the Portuguese, it is Camões turned SuperCamões, reenactments of Eliot's Dante. From pseudonyms to heteronyms and back to orthonyms, capitalizing on endonyms and exonyms, identity and names, being and naming provide as many critical landmarks for the whole demonstration.

 

Keywords: identity, name, orthonym, autonym, heteronym, pseudonym, endonym, exonym

* Research for this article has been partially supported by UEFISCSU grant no. 871/2009 [code 1980] for a research project titled The Cultural Institution of Literature from Early to Late Modernity in British Culture.

 

 

Onomastic Strategies in Contemporary Fiction

Anca Mihaela DOBRINESCU

 

Petroleum and Gas University of Ploieşti, 39 Bvd. Bucureşti, Ploieşti

E-mail: adobrinescu@upg-ploiesti.ro

Abstract

 

The paper attempts to demonstrate, on the basis of ‘reading names', that the major world changes occurred from the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries have been accompanied by a significant reconsideration of the basic tenets of literature. Since culture cannot be viewed at present as unitary and homogeneous, it is arguable that contemporary fiction has made it into its duty to reflect the heterogeneity and frontierlessness of the contemporary context, while providing possible answers to issues related to identity and the communication between cultures. British and American contemporary fiction can no longer be spoken of as ‘national' or ‘mainstream', the role of names being to draw attention to diversity by pushing the ‘other' to the fore of the literary discourse.

 

Keywords: contemporary fiction, identity, otherness, intercultural communication

 

 

 

Mimicking Subjection to the Name- of- the -Father in Harold Pinter's The

 

Homecoming

 

Alina Elena ROŞCA

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, Bd. Bucureşti 39, Ploieşti

E-mail: alinarosca82@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 

This paper embraces the postulation that feminine sexuality and physicality displays its movement in its own distinct space of manifestation. Female corporality lives outside the predominant ideological representations of patriarchy which can no longer impose their structures or prove their efficiency. In Harold Pinter's The Homecoming femininity involves in mimicry. Imitation of the conventional roles women occupy in the politics of masculinity implies mimicking subordination to the Name-of-the-Father. Paradoxically, this type of imitation allows women to disrupt and display the fabricated nature of the ideological apparatus in which they operate.

 

Keywords: femininity, masculinity, patriarchy, sexuality, the Name-of-the-Father

 

 

 

 

 

 

Symbolique religieuse et noms des personnages chez Sylvie Germain

 

Serenela GHIŢEANU

 

Université Pétrole-Gaz de Ploieşti, 39 Bd. Bucuresti, Ploieşti

Email: serenelag@yahoo.fr

 

Résumé

 

L'article analyse l'onomastique des personnages de la plupart des romans de Sylvie Germain : Le Livre des nuits, Nuit-d'Ambre, Jours de colère, L'enfant méduse, Immensités, Eclats de sel, Tobie des marais et Chanson des mal-aimants. Dans la littérature de cette écrivaine française contemporaine, le prénom des héros et des héroïnes est double et multiplié d'un surnom à valeur symbolique, le plus souvent religieuse. Le choix fait par Sylvie Germain est en fonction de tout un réseau métaphorique qui définit d'ailleurs les romans en question.

 

Mots-clé: roman contemporain, statut des personnages, onomastique littéraire

 

 

 

 

Mircea Cărtărescu's Levantul. Foreground and Background Anthroponyms

Adelina FARIAS

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, 39 Bd. Bucureşti, Ploieşti

E-mail: adelina_farias@yahoo.fr

 

Abstract

 

The article focuses on the peculiarities of the anthroponyms in the poem Levantul by Mircea Cărtărescu in which the characters' names are double coded, by amalgamation of names and parts of names borrowed from various literary works in Romanian or world literature. Names are built by overlapping the real world with the fictional world and are set at the congruence of the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. Characters' names act either as flesh-and-blood representations (which I will call the level of foreground anthroponyms) or as cultural references, in which various etymologies from Greek, Turkish, Latin, Italian or French intersect (level which I will call the level of background anthroponyms). Thus, built with a technique similar to a painting or to a bas relief, Levantul, which is by no means a Borgesian library, proposes a parodical recapitulation of the concept of literature.

 

Keywords: background anthroponyms, foreground anthroponyms, double coded anthroponyms, cultural/ multiethnic /stylistic /literary synthesis

 

 

A Few Considerations on Names in Apuleius' Metamorphoses

 

Cristina IRIDON

 

 

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, Bd. Bucureşti 39, Ploieşti

E-mail: cristinairidon@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 

In order to deal with literary onomastics in Apuleius' Methamorphoses, we will focus on some special functions such as the speaking words, the mirror words and the ambiguity of the words, which increase the prominence of the characters participating at the plot. By designating and characterizing the heroes, Apuleius' onomastics reveals its multiple aesthetic connotations.

 

Keywords: theonyms, antropnyms, literary purpose, aesthetic function

 

 

 

"Compartmentation of personality for the purpose of literary utterance": Pseudonymity and heteronymity in the various lives of Flann O'Brien

 

Adrian OŢOIU

 

North University of Baia Mare

E-mail: a.otoiu@gmail.com

 

Abstract

 

The often overlooked third name in the trinity of great Irish-born modernist writers, Joyce-Beckett-O'Brien, consists himself of a trinity of names: Brian O'Nolan / Myles na gCopaleen / Flann O'Brien. These, along with at least two dozens of other pen-names, are part of an elaborate identity game set up by their author. We will identify these as part of a larger strategy of multiplication and ambiguization of identities, meant to problematize authorship, whether actual or fictionalized. After distinguishing among pseudonyms, autonyms, ortonyms and heteronyms, we will determine the roles these play in O'Brien's literary conception, ranging from the topical-tactical to the philosophical-metaphysical.

 

Keywords: pseudonym, heteronym, autonym, identity

 

 

 

The Complex Vowel Segment. A New Name: Tetraphtongs. Contextual Achievements

 

Cătălin ENICĂ

 

Dunărea de Jos" University Galaţi, str. Domnească nr. 47, Galaţi

E-mail: catalin_enica1956@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 

Throughout its dynamic evolution on the Romanian phonological territory, the vowel segment has suffered a series of expansions, from simple to complex, generating the current diphthongs and triphthongs. Historical phonetics does not mention all these phenomena, being prone to capitalize on the Latin heritage and not on the phonological loans. The current paradigm of the Romanian vowel system cannot neglect any neological loans, recorded in the latest Romanian dictionaries and considered as belonging, by extension, to Romanian language (the most self-evident example being DOOM2). Between theoretical and functional phonetics, as well as between the historical and the descriptive ones, there are a series of discrepancies, which the researchers adjust by omission, in order to avoid any disputes. Moreover, if it were to complete the paradigm of diphthongs and triphthongs, the Romanian phonetics does not take into account the tetraphthong, which is a group consisting of a vowel and three semivowels. This paper aims to achieve a complete picture, in which the description and contextualization of the complex vowel segment would be probative.

 

Keywords: complex vowel segment , diphftongs, triphtongs, tetraphftongs

 

 

 

The Spanish Civil War and its (Welsh) Afterlives: Memorialisation as a Political Act

 

Anindya RAYCHAUDHURI

 

Cardiff University, Wales

E-mail: RaychaudhuriA@cardiff.ac.uk

 

Abstract

 

In this paper, I examine the discourse surrounding the establishment and reception of Spanish Civil War memorials in Wales, and show how they not only attempt to recuperate the memory of the war, but also constitute interventions in the politics, not only of 1930s Spain, but also, and equally importantly, of late-twentieth-century Wales. By examining the mythology constructed by these memorials, I question the binary of 'history' and 'mythology', arguing that it is at best misguided to merely attack mythology as faking history. It is, rather, necessary to analyse the socio-political context within which such mythology is constructed. As such, I argue that whatever the historical ‘truths' or otherwise in the role played by the people of Wales in the Spanish Civil War, the narrative that has been constructed of the Welsh involvement in Spain plays a definite political role in creating a distinctively Welsh nationhood. Borrowing from the theories of Marianne Hirsch, Pierre Nora, Kristin Ross and James E. Young, I go on to examine the particular role played by history and mythology in the way nations tell stories about themselves.

 

Keywords: Spanish Civil War, Wales, memorials, nationalism, history, mythology

 

 

 

 

Pour un modèle dynamique du temps présent 1

 

Laurenţiu-Ioan THEBAN

 

PhD Candidate, University of Bucharest, Pitar Mos 7-13, Bucharest

Email: laurentiutheban@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

 

The papers proposes, in the first part, a dynamic representation of the present tense, which is no longer conceived as static point on a single axis, but as a rotating mechanism uniting the past situated at one level, and the future, situated at a different level altoghether. The duration of the present „instant" is as long as half of the circumference of this circle in its rotation in direction of the future. The second part ilustrates the different patterns used in French, Romanian, Portuguese and Italian to express the three phases of the past and the three phases of the future, as these are defined, in the dynamics model of verbal tense, by the generative functioning of the present.

 

Keywords: tense, dynamicity, present

1 Communication présentée au Colloque Regards croisés sur le TEMPS, organisé, sous les auspices d'AMPOSDRU, à l'Université de Bucarest, le 25 avril 2009.

 

 

 

 

i-mean@UWE2011

Răzvan SĂFTOIU

Petroleum-Gas University of Ploieşti, 39 Bd. Bucureşti, Ploieşti

E-mail: razvansaftoiu@gmail.com


 


 

Between 13 and 15 April 2011, the University of the West of England, Bristol was the venue of the Second International Conference on Meaning in Interaction, also known as i-mean. The slogan of the university, U+WE, is a good starting point for the presentation of this conference, a place where scholars from almost 20 countries met and discussed about meaning and context. Everybody at UWE – professors, students, technicians, administrators – tried and succeeded in making this conference a stimulating event for all the participants both from the academic and the social point of view.

The conference mainly addressed the relationship between context and meaning, how context may be defined, how meaning is interpreted in context, how speakers create and negotiate context in interaction, and how context is dealt with in different research traditions. Yet, if we follow the programme attentively, we will notice that this was an event where cutting edge interdisciplinary research was disseminated.

 

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  • Revistă: Word and Text- A Journal of Literary Studies and Linguistics
  • Editură Editura Universitatii Petrol-Gaze din Ploiesti
  • Redactor şef Laurent Milesi
  • ISSN 2069-9271
  • eISSN 2247 – 9163
  • Data ultimului număr 30 Iun 2011
  • Data urmatorului număr 30 Dec 2011

Rezumat Rezumat

 

CALL FOR PAPERS 1/2012

POSTCOMMUNISM- POSTCOLONIALISM'S OTHER

If Postcommunism designates the period of political and economic transition from communism to democracy after the dramatic events of 1989 (the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Velvet Revolution in Prague and the Romanian revolution, to name but a few) period which was dominated by the rejection of Soviet communism legacies and associated institutions, symbols, vocabularies, socialist realism, postcolonialism is rooted in capitalist ideology.

Despite Derrida's timely Specters of Marx and the spate of critical activity that it generated, as well as Stéphane Courtois' The Black Book of Communism, whose responses varied from highly enthusiastic support to bitter criticism, and Eric Hobsbawn's or Vladimir Tismăneanu's accounts on an epoch that was to leave permanent traces in world history, out of all post's, postcommunism as such has not received the theoretical attention it would have otherwise deserved. Meant to go beyond communism's blurring of all differences and equalitarianism, postcommunism attempted to meet postcolonialism in precisely that point where it (de)constructs the Other through a politics of difference. Postcommunist countries felt both European and in the periphery of it and have been aware of having awaken to capitalism somewhat too lateand somewhat embedded in a reservoir of what the Westerners perceive as lacks of civilization.

This issue invites contributions on considering postcommunism postcolonialism's other, extending the concept of 'otherness' from the strictly philosophical meaning conceived by Hegel in his famous parable of the master-slave dialectic, and later made much more popular by Levinas' "infinite other" or Lacan's articulating the other with symbolic order to othering as the unconscious (Freud), the silent, the unsaid, insanity (Blanchot) to the political, social, cultural other, the other of language.

Prompting contributors to engage their own colonized otherness, the issue seeks contributions that will broaden our understanding of cultures of post-Communist societies through a variety of cultural and literary theories that proved to be of particular relevance to the study of the contemporary age (post-modernism, post-colonial theory, diaspora and globalisation.) The issue will attempt to rekindle the militant relevance and political involvement of cultural studies in the new context of postcommunist Europe from a range of perspectives that include (but are not limited to):

·           Marginalized cultures

·           Cultures of lies

·           Looking Westwards since 1989

·           Tradition, nostalgia and belated communism in post 1989 national identities

·           Cultural Diaspora and de-territorialization

·           Cultural contradictions of post-communism

·           Derrida's Reflections on Post1989 Europe (The Other Heading)

·           Postcommunist literatures

·           The emergence of new linguistic and discursive paradigms

·           Postcommunism in translation

·           Postcommunism in the West: around Le retour de Marx

We welcome interdisciplinary approaches, ranging across critical theory, literary studies, cultural studies, general and applied linguistics as well as other disciplines in the humanities. Contributors are advised to follow the journal's submission guidelines and stylesheet. The deadline for article submissions is 15 April 2012. The articles should be sent to as attachments to: wordandtext2011@gmail.com. All submitted articles will be peer-reviewed. Accepted articles will be returned for post-review revisions by 1 May and are expected back in their final version by 7 May.

Despre Despre

 

Word and Text

A Journal of Literary Studies and Linguistics (ISSN 2069-9271), formerly entitled Buletinul Universităţii Petrol-Gaze din Ploieşti, Seria Filologie, is a bi-annual peer-reviewed international journal in critical theory and linguistics. It publishes essays and reviews in English and French which explore general critical theory and its application to literature, as well as general and applied linguistics. Word and Text - A Journal of Literary Studies and Linguistics publishes critical work by established scholars and postgraduates ranging across critical theory, literary criticism and cultural studies, general and applied linguistics.

critical theory, literary criticism and cultural studies, general and applied linguistics critical theory, literary criticism and cultural studies, general and applied linguistics

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Our former editor-in-chief, Gabriela Duda, stepped down in July 2011 and our new editor-in-chief is Laurent Milesi, Cardiff University. Our former editor-in-chief, Gabriela Duda, stepped down in July 2011 and our new editor-in-chief is Laurent Milesi, Cardiff University.

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